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Full text of "The Fate Of Man In The Modern World"

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JO                         THE FATE OF MAN

The dialectic of this process is very delicate. Man
desires power, power for himself, but this leads
him to put power above self, above man; it leads
him to readiness to sacrifice his own humanity for
the sake of power. Power is objectified and
drawn away from human existence.' Such values
as those of technics, the state, the race or the class
bestialize man: for the sake of these sorts of
power, any desired treatment of the individual is
permitted.

It would be a mistake to think that modern
bestialism and its attendant dehumanization are
based upon the triumph of base instincts and
appetites and a denial of all the values ordinarily
held to be idealistic. Modern bestialism and de-
humanization are based upon idolatry, the worship
of technics, race or class or production, and upon
the adaptation of atavistic instincts to this worship.
We have already noted that modern barbarism is
a civilized barbarism. The war aroused ancient
instinctsóracial and national: the instincts of
power and violence, instincts of revenge, but all
these are now realized in the forms of technical
civilization. In reality we are witnessing a
return of the human mass to the ancient collective
with which its history began; the return to a
state which preceded the development of person-
ality. But this ancient collective takes on civilized
forms and uses the technical instruments of civiliza-